Sketching and Analyzing Historic Buildings
Instructor: Prof. Max Cardillo
Instructor: Prof. Michele Benucci
Instructor: Elena Lorenzetti
Mornings: Lectures 1.5 hours (4 weeks)
Afternoons: 4 hours field work (2 weeks restoring stone work of the facade of the Church of San Carlo in San Gemini)
USEFUL SKILLS: Freehand drawing, digital photography, Photoshop
USEFUL TOOLS: Laptop computers, digital camera, Photoshop software
The aim of the course is to develop intellectual skills in analyzing historic buildings. Participants will use freehand drawing as the main recording and documentation tool.
The course is composed of two parts: the morning classroom lectures and the afternoon sketching workshop.
The morning lectures focus on the nature of historic buildings both from a material and contextual point of view, so that students can understand buildings in order to analyze and read how they evolve through history. The afternoon workshop is the analysis and documentation of historic buildings in the medieval core of San Gemini, as part of a study of the urban evolution of the city.
In the workshop students receive basic instruction about free hand drawing techniques.
This course also includes a series of classes led by external lecturers who deal with various issues related to the field of conservation.
The objectives for this course are for the participants to record and document buildings through sketching (free hand drawing) using pencil on paper. A good tool for recording, sketching is also a useful analytical tool because it is a slow, systematic process that forces the eye and the mind to observe in detail the building or object that is being recorded.
Summary of Lecture Content
Graphic documentation of buildings
Basic sketching techniques
Historical and Cultural Analysis
Use of the building
Historical documentation of the building
The building’s evolution
Stylistic analysis of its art and architecture
Iconography and artwork
State of Conservation
Condition of finished surfaces
Condition of mechanical systems
Condition of art and contents of building
History of San Gemini and the region
Physical Evolution of the city of San Gemini
Italian city typologies
Italian building types and styles
Traditional building structural systems
Traditional structural systems
Post and lintel
Beams and trusses
Traditional building materials
Mortars and cement
Iron and Steel
Traditional construction methods in Italy
Interior and exterior finishes
Water and sanitation
Workshop Field Work & Topics of Discussion
Students will sketch and analyze the facades and evolution of a number of buildings in the medieval core of San Gemini. This work is part of a continuing study of the evolution of the city’s historic center.
5 elevation sketches
4 sketches of building details
1 perspective sketch
Report on the building sketches, summarizing a conclusion of analysis
Methods of describing buildings
Freehand Drawing (sketching)
Transformation Patterns in Buildings
Core structure and typology
Expansions and additions
Seams: changes between phases
Material Structural systems
H. Hearder, H D.P. Waley, A Short History of Italy. Cambridge University Press
Peter Connolly and Hazel Dodge, The Ancient City. Oxford University Press
Jean-Pierre Adam, Roman Building : Materials and Techniques,Taylor & Francis