Europe from 14th to 19th centuries with parchment and paper book blocks.
The book block is sewn on three double cord supports with packed sewing all along.
A parchment or linen spine lining is applied on the spine between the supports (panels).
Western end bands with primary and secondary sewing around cord cores are made at head and tail. The supports are laced through the boards. Attaching the spine lining on the inside of the boards reinforces the board attachment.
Limp Parchment Binding
Sewing structure commonly found in Southwestern Europe from the 15th to 18th centuries with book blocks in parchment and paper.
The book block is sewn on three single alum tawed support with all along packed sewing.
A spine lining of Japanese paper is applied to the spine to secure the book block. End bands with primary sewing on alum tawed cores are made.
A soft laced cover is applied to protect the book block.
Unsupported sewing structure (Islamic style)
Used typically from the Early Middle Ages to the 18th century in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, commonly with book block in paper.
The text block is sewn on four sewing stations.
A spine lining of linen is applied to secure and stabilize the book-block.
Islamic end bands (primary and secondary sewing) are executed at head and tail. The cover will be made in two halves with front flap.
Modern Western Case Binding, Sewing on Tapes
Used typically during the 18th and 19th centuries with paper media.
The book block is sewn on three linen tapes with all along sewing.
A linen cloth spine lining is placed to secure the book block.
Two false end bands are applied to the spine at head and tail.
A cloth case cover will be made to cover the book block.